PRESENT TENSE

Present tense : to state something that happen as routin activity or habitual activity and general truth.

FORM ( active )

S + VERB I + O ( VERBAL SENTENCE )

S + TO BE + NOUN/ADJECTIVE / ADVERB  (NOMINAL SENTENCE )

Untuk subject she,he ,it pada kalimat verbal,maka kata kerjanya  +s atau +es.

Subject :

I

You

We

They

She

He

It

Its

To be :

am, are, is

contoh :

I go to school ( verbal sentence )

She makes a cake for her parents. ( verbal sentence )

I am a student . ( nominal sentence )

He is handsome ( nominal sentence )

Sun sets on the west ( general truth )

FORM ( Passive )

S + To be + VERB III + O

dalam kalimat pasif,subjek pada kalimat aktif berubah menjadi objek dan objek pada kalimat aktif berubah menjadi subjek.

Kalimat yang dapat dirubah menjadi kalimat pasif hanyalah kalimat transitif ( memiliki objek )

contoh :

the book is bought by her .

the classrooms are swept every  day by the students.

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